The new perinatal strategy focuses on the unique Asian fetal characteristics for the best outcome and the birth of a healthy baby. Ethnic-specific standards for Perinatal care are required in both Asian and Caucasian population for the well-being of fetuses and newborns. The Asian fetus has a unique body habitus differing from that of Caucasians. Ethnic-specific classification for Term, Preterm and Low Birth Weight criteria in ethnic Asian and Caucasian population highlights the inherent characteristics in these newborns.
Growth failure is very common in children with congenital heart defects. Various reasons cited include poor oxygen saturation in the growing tissues, heart failure and frequent respiratory infections with inadequate calorie intake and increased energy expenditure as compared to normal children. The degree of growth failure usually associated with the onset of symptoms.
Ethnic-specific intrauterine growth charts enable identification of at-risk infants and their associated complications. Risk newborns are based on their birth weight, intrauterine growth patterns and gestational age and assigned a risk score from I to X. Those with the risk score I are term, normal weight, appropriate for gestational age based on ethnicity have the best prognosis, in contrast, those with risk score VIII to X have increased risks with 80-90% mortality in those with risk score IX to X.